History

Allied Arctic Convoys Of World War II

During World War II, between 1941 and 1945, 78 Allied Arctic convoys brought more than 4 million tons of provisions and munitions to the U.S.S.R. These deliveries played a crucial role in the Soviet war effort. More than 1,400 merchant ships and naval vessels participated in the convoys to the ports of Arkhangelsk and Murmansk in Arctic Russia, which Winston Churchill once described as “the worst journey in the world.”

Besides braving frozen seas and harsh weather conditions, the sailors also had to contend with attacks from German dive bombers and U-boat torpedoes. Altogether, more than 100 convoy ships had perished by the time the war ended and more than 3,000 lives were lost.

The prevailing view of the Reich’s invasion of the Soviet Union is based on misinformation. Woefully misinformed is nearer the mark. It is claimed that the rapacious land-hungry (lebensraum) Reich in 1941 made a fatal blunder in taking on the peace-loving Soviet Union and overwhelmed the unprepared but plucky Russians. This is a fairy tale as far removed from reality as Hans Christian Andersen’s fables.

Escorts and merchant ships at the Icelandic port of Hvalfjord before setting sail for Russia in July 1942.

Keep in mind that the Soviet Union (1917 ~ 1990) invaded and occupied over 40 countries, half of them before Hitler’s armies in 1941 preemptively thwarted a Soviet invasion of Europe. How can a system (not Russian but Bolshevik), responsible for as many as 70 million Christian martyrs claim to be liberators of anywhere?

A motorboat from the “HMS Trumpeter” is assisted through ice by a Russian naval tug upon the British ship’s arrival at Kola Inlet near Murmansk.

On June 22, 1941, the Reich Armies, including multiple Waffen SS divisions from scores of European countries, to thwart an imminent Soviet invasion of Europe, cut through the Eastern Territories like a hot knife through butter. An estimated 4.5 million fully-equipped Red Army troops were routed and millions penned like cattle. The Axis forces included those of Bulgaria, Hungary Romania, Italy, Finland, with tens of thousands of Waffen SS volunteers from virtually every country including the Soviet Union.

The largest European army in history ~ the only army to exceed in manpower over one million men under arms, was the Russian Liberation Army led by former Soviet General Vlasov; the general who had saved Moscow until he defected to the Reich with his Red Army troops.

What was left of the Red Army quickly evaporated. Why was the Red Army such a walkover? Let us remember, this was the same hapless Red Army that 30-months earlier invaded Finland. Within 12 weeks the Red Army had been totally destroyed and sent packing by a farmer’s army. Not surprisingly, the armies of the Reich, with little resistance, reached the 1,600 kilometres distant Moscow in just 10 weeks whereas Stalingrad took a little longer.

A Fairey Albacore airplane with wings folded warms up before taking off on a three-hour patrol to protect a combined British and American convoy to Russia.

In June and July 1941, the Red Army was running so fast you couldn’t see their heels for the dust. There was no time to pack their toothbrushes, let alone take their military hardware with them.

Russian Pilots UK Aircraft

The Red Army’s equipment was abandoned and scattered across the steppe. As a consequence, when the Red Army had its back to the wall and was staring defeat in the face, their troops were both armless and harmless. The peoples of distressed Eastern Europe held their breath. The scourge of Bolshevism was about to be eradicated and Europe liberated. The Axis, having neutered aggressive Bolshevism would restore the independence of the former Soviet states. What could possibly go wrong?

The view from the bridge of the Royal Navy cruiser “HMS Sheffield” as she battles heavy seas while escorting a convoy to Russia in February 1943.

Quite a lot actually; the British and U.S. cavalry was on their way to rescue Bolshevism.

‘The victory over Germany was achieved through the economic power of the United States (and Britain) who, for reasons that defy logic, made the ultimate sacrifice to keep in power a regime far more brutal than their German enemy.’ ~ Russia’s Life-Saver: Lend-Lease Aid to the USSR in World War II. Albert L. Weeks. Lexington Books, New York, 2004.

The destroyer “HMS Opportune” in rough Arctic seas while accompanying a convoy near Russia.

The British Empire’s armed forces and their territories were stripped bare of their means of defence and then re-directed to save Bolshevism. Bolshevism was not saved by the Red Army; it was saved by Westminster and Washington DC.

In August 1941 the Murmansk aid convoys set out from the United States and Britain. Sailing until the war’s end these fleets brought everything needed to rescue the Soviet Union. With over 1,400 warships and freighters of three nations under sail, the convoys, over time, made up the largest armada ever gathered.

What was written on these ships manifestos? The Red Army would have shuffled through the snow in bare feet had it not been for 15,417,001 army boots supplied by Britain. The Red Army’s uniforms and even the buttons that held them together were supplied by the U.S. Britain and British Dominions.

An “Arms For Russia” propaganda poster from World War II

The British Merchant and Royal Navies lost 101 ships and 3,000 British sailors to submarine and air attacks. To these unfortunates, there can be added many U.S. and Canadian seamen.

To give a scale of the operation to save Bolshevism 2,803 most British vessels were required to transport the US manufactured Studebaker trucks to provide for the entire Soviet transport requirements. Upon arrival in allied occupied Persia (Iran) the trucks then travelled hundreds of miles over mountain passes and into valleys while crossing deserts before reaching the beleaguered Soviet Union.

Able Seaman Thomas B. Day standing on the ice-encrusted deck of the “HMS Belfast” in November 1943.

Here is a small example of what Roosevelt’s America and Winston Churchill, like Prime Ministers Boris Johnson and Harold Macmillan, an American citizen, sent free of charge to ensure the continuance of the Bolshevik grip on Russia and Eastern Europe: 14,795 aircraft, 7,056 tanks, 51,503 Jeeps, 435,457 military vehicles, 8,218 field artillery, 1,981 locomotives, and 11,155 freight cars.

Ironically, this rail stock was also used to transport millions of Russians and Europeans and other unfortunates to Stalin’s Gulag. ‘We would have been in a difficult position without American gunpowder, we could not have produced the quantities of ammunition we needed,’ he said. ‘Without US Studebakers (trucks) we would have had nothing with which to pull our artillery. They largely provided our transport at the front producing steels, necessary for the most diverse needs of war, also involved certain US supplies.’ ~ Josef Stalin. Published in the Los Angeles Times, October 20, 1987.

A motorboat from the “HMS Trumpeter” works its way through ice after the carrier’s arrival at Kola Inlet.

Stalin’s shopping list without the bill attached: 131,633 machine guns, 105 submarine hunters, 7,784 ships engines, 197 torpedo boats. Besides much more than can be listed here, 90 cargo freighters were left with Stalin’s Bolshevik Russia. There was 4,478,000 tons of food, machines and equipment $1,078,965,000. Non-ferrous metals 802,000 tons, petroleum products 2,670,000 tons, chemicals 842,000 tons, cotton, 106,893,000 tons, leather 49,860 tons, tires 3,786,000.

Ice forms on a signal projector on the cruiser “HMS Sheffield” on an Arctic convoy to Russia.

Westminster supplied Bolshevik Russia with 7,056 tanks, 14,795 aircraft, 1,550 RAF trained pilots and ground crew. Philip Wilkinson, Chairman of the RAF-Russia Association says: ‘There is no doubt we were under pressure. We could have done with 40 Hurricanes going anywhere else but across the seas to Russia.’

RAF pilots flew sorties’ with the Red Army and engaged with the Luftwaffe in the skies above North-Western Russia. Four of these airmen, including a New Zealander, were to receive the Order of Lenin in recognition of their kills.

A convoy of merchant ships passes through pack ice en route to Russia in 1943. An escort destroyer can be seen in the background.

There simply isn’t the space to provide here the full inventory of aid sent; it does give a brief insight. There was only the problem of low Red Army morale. Understandably, it took more than a pair of British boots, U.S made warm clothing and Chicago-made rifles to boost their sense of commitment. No problem, ‘Uncle’ Joe Stalin, the curmudgeonly old darling of the Western media had a solution to hand: Stalin explains: ‘It takes a brave Russian soldier to attack the Nazis, a braver one to retreat.’ Follow my drift?

Crew members of the “HMS Victorious” move torpedoes while taking part in an operation to cover a Russian convoy.

The subject of Allied aid to the Soviet Union has been previously covered by such books as Hubert van Tuyll’s Feeding the Bear (1989). A more compelling revelation was made by researcher Albert Weeks. Having the advantage of access to Russian sources, the author makes a clear case that ‘the program was a major factor in the survival of the Soviet Union and the victory over Nazism.

An underwater detonation erupts next to the “HMS Ashanti” in September 1942. 

Marshal Georgy K. Zhukov, in memoirs published on Monday, says U.S. and British aid to the Soviet Union during World War II was crucial to the victory over Nazi Germany. Zhukov’s assessment was important since he was chief of the Soviet general staff and knew all the major details of Moscow’s military effort. He died in 1974. ~ Michael Walsh. Photo’s source.

Related article: American Carmakers Rescue the Red Army

U Boat picks up survivors

Related books: THE ALL LIES INVASION, WITNESS TO HISTORYTESTIGO DE LA HISTORIA: HISTORIA SIN CENSURA (SPANISH EDITION),  FOR THOSE WHO CANNOT SPEAKMEGACAUST, THE RED BRIGANDSRANSACKING THE REICH, and DEATH OF A CITY

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MICHAEL WALSH is a journalist, broadcaster and the author of RISE OF THE SUN WHEELEUROPE ARISE TROTSKY’S WHITE NEGROESMEGACAUST,  DEATH OF A CITYWITNESS TO HISTORY, THE BUSINESS BOOSTERTHE FIFTH COLUMN VOLUME I and IIFOR THOSE WHO CANNOT SPEAKIMMORTAL BELOVEDTHE ALL LIES INVASIONINSPIRE A NATION Volume IINSPIRE A NATION Volume II , SLAUGHTER OF A DYNASTY , REICH AND WRONG,  THE RED BRIGANDSRANSACKING THE REICH ,    SCULPTURES OF THE THIRD RIECH: ARNO BREKER AND REICH SCULPTORS  SCULPTURES OF THE THIRD RIECH:  JOSEF THORAK AND REICH SCULPTORS ,   The Exiled Duke Romanov Who Turned Desert Into Paradise , THE DOVETAILS , SEX FEST AT TIFFANY’S  and other book titles. These illustrated best-selling books are essential for the libraries of informed readers.

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MICHAEL WALSH is an Irish British-born journalist. His 64 books include best-selling historical books  THE ALL LIES INVASION, WITNESS TO HISTORYTESTIGO DE LA HISTORIA: HISTORIA SIN CENSURA (SPANISH EDITION),  REICH AND WRONG,  HEROES HANG WHEN TRAITORS TRIUMPH , HEROES OF THE REICH,  THE FUHRER’S PROCLAMATION TO THE GERMAN PEOPLE ,  FOR THOSE WHO CANNOT SPEAKMEGACAUST, THE RED BRIGANDSRANSACKING THE REICH,  and  DEATH OF A CITY

MICHAEL WALSH is a journalist, author, and broadcaster. His 64 books include best-selling RHODESIA’S DEATH EUROPE’S FUNERAL, AFRICA’S KILLING FIELDS,  THE LAST GLADIATORS, A Leopard in Liverpool, RISE OF THE SUN WHEELEUROPE ARISE, FOR THOSE WHO CANNOT SPEAK, THE ALL LIES INVASIONINSPIRE A NATION Volume IINSPIRE A NATION Volume II, and many other book titles. These illustrated best-selling books are essential for the libraries of informed readers.

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