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According to experts, the uniquely low use of cash money in Sweden leaves the country more vulnerable to emergencies and hack attacks, prompting the authorities to explore alternative options such as digital currency. The share of cash in Sweden’s money supply has reached a historic low at SEK 62 billion ($7.2 billion), the lowest level measured, at merely 1.33 percent of current transactions.
The sign ‘card payments only’ has recently become a more common sight in more and more stores, not least as a side effect of the COVID-19 pandemic. In a survey from the Riksbank, Sweden’s central bank, fewer than one in ten respondents stated admitted to using cash for their most recent purchase. Half of the respondents hadn’t used cash at all in the past month.
Given the fact that the share of electronic money in use has, by contrast, risen to 99 percent, experts called the situation in Sweden unique, yet warn of the associated high risks.
‘What do we do if someone pulls the cord? Take the latest IT attack on Coop, for example, and imagine that a giant cyber-attack on Sweden takes place. Should we then go back to a barter economy?’ senior economist at the SEB bank Robert Bergqvist mused in an interview with the newspaper Svenska Dagbladet.
While Bergqvist called Sweden a leader in cash freedom and has repeatedly been described as on its way to becoming a cashless society, the recent IT attack on Coop in early July resulted in a major disruption. The majority of the company’s 800 stores scattered across Sweden could not accept card payments. The disastrous holdup went on for several days. Coop is estimated to have lost more than SEK 100 million ($11.6 million) in the debacle.
Earlier in spring, the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) recommended that its compatriots to keep cash at home in the event of a crisis. A major study in the form of a game-like simulation funded by the authority indicated that a stop in card payments can have unexpected, far-reaching and serious consequences.
MSB recommends individuals to have a stash of cash at home along with a stock of supplies. This increases the possibility of coping with, say, a longer disruption in the payment system. However, cash alone is not the only solution, but only a complement. The more alternative ways to pay you have as a private person, the better you will do,’ MSB’s website said.
The steady decline in cash use decreases the Riksbank’s opportunities to influence the economy. Therefore, the possibility of introducing digital currency in the form of the so-called e-krona is now being studied. Earlier this year, a solution based on blockchain technology, the same system that cryptocurrencies are controlled by, was tested. The idea is that the Riksbank’s e-krona can be used as a complement to cash.
However, economists see both opportunities and risks associated with digital currency. ‘It’s a bit of a Pandora’s box. There are many advantages: increased efficiency, simplicity and security, but at the same time it opens up for question marks. It can create instability in the financial system’, Bergqvist warned.
Numerous countries across the globe have joined the race for e-currency, including China’s digital yuan, the digital euro and Bitcoin.
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MICHAEL WALSH is a journalist, broadcaster and the author of RISE OF THE SUN WHEEL, EUROPE ARISE, TROTSKY’S WHITE NEGROES, MEGACAUST, DEATH OF A CITY, WITNESS TO HISTORY, THE BUSINESS BOOSTER , THE FIFTH COLUMN VOLUME I and II, FOR THOSE WHO CANNOT SPEAK, IMMORTAL BELOVED, THE ALL LIES INVASION, INSPIRE A NATION Volume I, INSPIRE A NATION Volume II , SLAUGHTER OF A DYNASTY , REICH AND WRONG, THE RED BRIGANDS, RANSACKING THE REICH , SCULPTURES OF THE THIRD RIECH: ARNO BREKER AND REICH SCULPTORS , SCULPTURES OF THE THIRD RIECH: JOSEF THORAK AND REICH SCULPTORS , SCULPTURES OF THE THIRD REICH VOLUME III Porcelain and Reich Sculptors, The Exiled Duke Romanov Who Turned Desert Into Paradise , THE DOVETAILS , SEX FEST AT TIFFANY’S, THE AMOROUS GHOST AND ENCOUNTERS and other book titles. These illustrated best-selling books are essential for the libraries of informed readers.
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MICHAEL WALSH is a journalist, author, and broadcaster. His 70 books include best-selling RHODESIA’S DEATH EUROPE’S FUNERAL, AFRICA’S KILLING FIELDS, THE LAST GLADIATORS, A Leopard in Liverpool, RISE OF THE SUN WHEEL, EUROPE ARISE, FOR THOSE WHO CANNOT SPEAK, THE ALL LIES INVASION, INSPIRE A NATION Volume I, INSPIRE A NATION Volume II, and many other book titles. These illustrated best-selling books are essential for the libraries of informed readers.
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